Domestic violence

Domestic violence is a complex phenomenon, generated by psychological problems and amplified by educational, economic and social conditions. Very often domestic violence is associated only with physical violence, while other forms such as psychological, economic or sexual violence are less known notions. In accordance with the Law No. 45 on preventing and combating domestic violence, domestic violence includes violent physical, sexual, psychological, spiritual or economic actions, except self-defense or defense of another person, including threatening with such actions, committed by a family member against another member of the same family, which caused financial or moral prejudice to the victim; in accordance with the Istanbul Convention, domestic violence relates to all acts of physical, sexual, psychological or economic violence that occur within the family or domestic unit, or between former or current spouses or partners, whether or not the perpetrator shares or has shared the same residence with the victim.

The data provided by the National Bureau of Statistics (the Study Violence against women in the family, 2010), is more than eloquent. Thus, 60 per cent of women reported at least one form of psychological violence, one in two women confirmed they were submitted to control with social isolation by their husbands; the prevalence of physical violence from current or the most recent husband/partner during the lifetime was reported by approximately 40 per cent of women.

Although important steps were taken to eradicate this phenomenon, including the adoption of Law no. 196, signing the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, also known as the Istanbul Convention on February 6, 2017, signing and ratifying the CEDAW Convention, one of the first conventions signed and ratified by the Republic of Moldova, on elimination of any form of discrimination against women, and other international conventions, the Republic of Moldova is still a country where women are constantly discriminated in all the areas of life. 

Our strategic goal for the next 5 years in the field of violence against women and domestic violence is to ensure that the rights of women affected by violence and women at risk are respected, protected and implemented in practice.

Statistics Trust Line

  • 11 244 calls received to the Trust Line
  • 5 158 women affected by domestic violence, provided with counselling on the Trust Line
  • 854 professionals trained
  • 7 years of the Trust Line activity
  • 10 293 of teenagers participated in seminars on preventing domestic violence. 

Threats

  • High level of tolerance towards gender based violence and violence against women;
  • Neglect of boys and men as potential victims of domestic violence;
  • Low access to protection and assistance services for women affected by domestic violence and sexual violence;
  • Perpetuation of gender stereotypes among professionals, in case of sexual violence against women;
  • Deficiency of legal protection mechanisms for victims of sexual violence;
  • Lack of qualitative data in national policies.

Solutions

  • Prevention and early intervention through information and contribution to educating the general public and youth (boys and girls) on playing a pro-active role in reducing tolerance towards sexual violence and domestic violence;
  • Protection, safety and justice through extending the capacity to respond to informational, legal and psychological needs of women and children affected by domestic violence and sexual violence through direct services and through referral to specialized services throughout the country;
  • Capacity building through knowledge provision and skills development of acting specialists and service providers in order to assist women and children affected by domestic and sexual violence, based on individual approach, focused on needs and in due time;
  • Data and studies by conducting research and availability of information and qualitative and quantitative data which reflect the causes and evolution in the areas of interest;
  • Public policies for adjusting national policies to international standards for combating sexual and domestic violence, to urge a coordination mechanism to support adequate implementation of laws at central and local levels.

Services

  • „Peer to peer” educators’ program that encourages the development of non-violent among teenagers;
  • Trust Line for women affected by domestic violence with national coverage and free services;
  • Legal aid (representing the victim in court, for obtaining a Protection Order, divorce, property sharing etc.);
  • Psychological assistance (primary psychological counselling to persons facing domestic violence and performing psychological evaluation reports of victims of domestic violence);
  • Capacity building and methodologic guidelines for the professionals who get in contact with the women affected by domestic violence.
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